Does Creatine Improve Memory?

TL;DR Article Summary

Creatine shows promise in enhancing memory for older adults and aiding cognitive function during sleep deprivation and in stressed individuals [2]. However, its efficacy in treating Parkinson’s remains unproven. While some cognitive benefits are evident, its broader neurological impact requires further research.

Understanding Creatine

What is Creatine?

Creatine is like a special fuel for our muscles when we exercise. It helps athletes do better in sports by giving their muscles extra energy. But that’s not all – our brain also uses creatine, and it might help us think better too.

Sources of creatine in the diet

You can find creatine in foods like meat and fish. Some people also take it as a supplement, especially if they want to perform better in sports or if they don’t eat meat.

Creatine’s Role in the Brain

How does it work?

Our brain is like a super-computer, and like all computers, it needs energy to work properly. Creatine is one way our brain can get that energy. Some scientists believe that if we have more creatine in our brain, we might be able to remember things better.

The Vegetarian Connection

Memory and Meat-Free Diets

Vegetarians are people who don’t eat meat. Since meat is a source of creatine, some might think vegetarians have less creatine in their bodies. But, interestingly, one study found that when vegetarians took creatine supplements, they got even better at some memory tasks than people who eat meat. It’s like they had a special boost!

Research on Creatine and Memory

What do studies say?

Scientists did a bunch of experiments to see if taking extra creatine can help people remember things better. They looked at a lot of information from different studies and found that, overall, creatine does help, especially for older people between the ages of 66 and 76. But for younger people, the boost wasn’t as noticeable. [1]

Any special conditions?

The amount of creatine people took or how long they took it didn’t seem to change the results much. It also didn’t matter if they were boys or girls or where they lived in the world.

Benefits Beyond Memory

Thinking faster and smarter

Apart from helping with memory, creatine might also make us smarter in some ways. Some studies say it can make our reasoning better. Reasoning is like solving puzzles in our minds or figuring out problems. Creatine might also help us think faster on our feet!

What’s still unsure?

Not everything is clear-cut. While creatine seems to help with some thinking tasks, for others, the results are mixed. For example, it’s still a puzzle whether creatine can help with things like paying attention for a long time or making decisions quickly.

Effects on the Sleep-Deprived Mind

Combatting Cognitive Fatigue

We all know that feeling of fuzziness when we haven’t slept enough. That’s our brain telling us it’s tired. There’s interesting news for people who often feel this way: creatine might be like a little pick-me-up for our exhausted brains.

When we’re sleep-deprived, our brain struggles to keep up, making tasks feel harder and slower. Think of it as trying to run in a dream where everything feels sluggish. But creatine might help sharpen our brain’s edges even when we missed a good night’s rest. Research suggests creatine may boost our brain’s energy levels, acting as a quick recharge.

For people who often miss out on sleep, like students pulling all-nighters or workers doing night shifts, creatine could be their little secret weapon. It’s not a replacement for sleep (nothing beats a good snooze), but it might help them stay alert and think clearer. Remember, while creatine can give a temporary boost, it’s important to catch up on lost sleep. Our brains work best when they’re well-rested!

High-Altitude Cognitive Benefits

Performance in Oxygen-Deprived Conditions

When we’re high up in the mountains, the air gets thinner, and there’s less oxygen. This can make thinking clearly a bit harder. Creatine, known to help muscles when they’re working hard, might also help the brain in low-oxygen situations. Though the studies you provided don’t touch on this topic, other research suggests that creatine can help in environments where oxygen is scarce.

Evidence of creatine’s effect in high-altitude environments

Some exploratory studies suggest that creatine might improve thinking and decision-making for those trekking at high altitudes. However, more robust evidence is needed to confirm this. If true, it could be a game-changer for mountain climbers and others who work or play in high places.

Neurodegenerative Diseases and Creatine

Neurodegenerative diseases, like Parkinson’s, involve the slow loss of brain function over time. Sadly, creatine doesn’t appear to be effective in slowing it down. [3]

Final Thoughts

Creatine, commonly known for its muscle-boosting properties, emerges as a potential powerhouse for brain health. The preliminary research points towards its capacity to enhance memory in older adults and possibly offer a slight energy boost to sleep-deprived brains. Unfortunately, creatine doesn’t seem effective at lessening symptoms or progression of neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s.

While the promise is undeniable, it’s paramount to tread with informed caution. As science delves deeper into its neurological benefits, individuals interested in trying creatine should always consult healthcare professionals. The journey of understanding creatine’s full impact on the brain is unfolding, and it’s one worth watching closely.

Further Reading:


  1. Prokopidis K, Giannos P, Triantafyllidis KK, Kechagias KS, Forbes SC, Candow DG. Effects of creatine supplementation on memory in healthy individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nutr Rev. 2023 Mar 10;81(4):416-427. doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nuac064. PMID: 35984306; PMCID: PMC9999677.
  2. Avgerinos KI, Spyrou N, Bougioukas KI, Kapogiannis D. Effects of creatine supplementation on cognitive function of healthy individuals: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Exp Gerontol. 2018 Jul 15;108:166-173. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2018.04.013. Epub 2018 Apr 25. PMID: 29704637; PMCID: PMC6093191.
  3. Mo JJ, Liu LY, Peng WB, Rao J, Liu Z, Cui LL. The effectiveness of creatine treatment for Parkinson’s disease: an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC Neurol. 2017 Jun 2;17(1):105. doi: 10.1186/s12883-017-0885-3. PMID: 28577542; PMCID: PMC5457735.

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